Brazil report        Full species list

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SE-Brazil, January 2002, by Teus Luijendijk (& Adriana Contin)


       BIRDS

Solitary Tinamou   Tinamus solitarius
       8/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, several heard Iguazu, Angelim, Corcovado, JT Itatiaia, Intervales.
Brown Tinamou   Crypturellus obsoletus
       5/1 1-2 heard Canyon de Guartelá.
Yellow-legged Tinamou   Crypturellus noctivagus
       27/1 2 heard Caiobá.
Spotted Nothura   Nothura maculosa
       5/1 1 underway to Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 farm at Campo Bonito.
Brown Booby   Sula leucogaster
       26&27/1 ca. 100 Caiobá.
Neotropic Cormorant   Phalacrocorax brasilianus
       common at most visited sites (even 4 over Itatiaia 20/1), but absent from Intervales.
Anhinga   Anhinga anhinga
       10&12/1 several at Iguazu falls.
Magnificent Frigatebird   Fregata magnificens
       100s at all sites visited along the coast.
Whistling Heron   Syrigma sibilatrix
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 29/1 1 Curitiba.
White-necked Heron   Ardea cocoi
       8/1 several Antonina, 18/1 2 Parati.
Little Blue Heron   Egretta caerulea
       8/1 common Antonina, 10/1 1 Iguazu, 18/1 10 Parati, 26/1 several Caiobá.
Snowy Egret   Egretta thula
       4/1 1 Curitiba, 18/1 ca. 15 Parati, 26/1 several Caiobá.
Great Egret   Casmerodius albus
       several at most sites visited (though absent from Itatiaia).
Cattle Egret   Bubulcus ibis
       only few groups encountered, along the BR-116 near Itatiaia.
Striated Heron   Butorides striatus
       regularly encountered, e.g. in parks in Curitiba.
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron   Nyctanassa violacea
       8/1 ca. 5 Antonina.
Black-crowned Night-Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax
       regular at Iguazu, Parati, Caiobá.
Buff-necked Ibis   Theristicus caudatus
       5/1 6 at Canyon de Guartelá, several small groups along the BR-277.
Fulvous Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna bicolor
       3 of unclear origin were at the Opera de Arame theatre in Curitiba.
White-faced Whistling Duck   Dendrocygna viduata
       4/1 ca. 12 at Sta. Monica.
Brazilian Duck   Amazonetta brasiliensis
       3,4,28&29/1 10s in Curitiba parks, 9&13/1 2-3 at the Campo Bonito farm.
Turkey Vulture   Cathartes aura
       regularly seen.
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture   Cathartes burrovianus
       24/1 1 Intervales.
Black Vulture   Coragyps atratus
       only rarely this species was NOT seen.
Swallow-tailed Kite   Elanoides forficatus
       15/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 21-24/1 ca. 8 Intervales.
White-tailed Kite   Elanus leucurus
       13/1 1 along the BR-277.
Snail Kite   Rostrhamus sociabilis
       10&12/1 ca. 10 at Iguazu falls.
Rufous-thighed Kite   Harpagus diodon
       20/1 1 present at Maromba bridge, Itatiaia.
Plumbeous Kite   Ictinia plumbea
       9&13/1 5-6 at the Campo Bonito farm, 12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 24/1 2-3 Intervales.
Rufous-thighed Hawk   Accipiter erythronemius
       22/11 Intervales.
Savannah Hawk   Buteogallus meridionalis
       8/1 1 along the road towards Bairro Alto, 13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 21/1 1 along the road to Intervales.
Roadside Hawk   Buteo magnirostris
       regularly seen; observations of unidentified Accipiter hawks probably relate to this species.
White-tailed Hawk   Buteo albicaudatus
       18/1 1 underway to Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales, 25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa.
Southern Caracara   Polyborus plancus
       regularly seen in open areas.
Yellow-headed Caracara   Milvago chimachima
       8/1 1 along the road towards Bairro Alto, 13/1 2 at the Campo Bonito farm, 15/1 1 underway to Ubatuba, 18-20/1 several at Itatiaia NP.
Barred Forest-Falcon   Micrastur ruficollis
       16/1 1 at Folha seca.
American Kestrel   Falco sparverius
       regularly seen along roads.
Bat Falcon   Falco rufigularis
       16/1 1 at Ubatuba.
Aplomado Falcon   Falco femoralis
       15/1 1 along the road west of Ubatuba.
Dusky-legged Guan   Penelope obscura
       12/1 1 at Sendero Macuco trail, Iguazu Falls, 15/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 18-20/1 common Itatiaia, 22-25/1 regular Intervales, 27/1 2 Caiobá.
Spot-winged Wood-Quail   Odontophorus capueira
       23/1 2 Intervales.
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail   Aramides saracura
       5-6 at least 3 Canyon de Guartelá, 7-8/1 several Sa. da Graciosa,
Plumbeous Rail   Pardirallus sanguinolentus
       4/1 1 Iraí lake.
Blackish Rail   Pardirallus nigricans
       12/1 several heard Iguazu Falls, 13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 22-24 several heard Intervales, 27/1 2 heard Caiobá.
Common Moorhen   Gallinula chloropus
       common in Curitiba parks.
Red-legged Seriema   Cariama cristata
       5/1 4 along the road to Canyon de Guartelá; 6/1 2 heard there.
Wattled Jacana   Jacana jacana
       common in Curitiba parks, 8/1 1 along the road towards Bairro Alto.
American Oystercatcher   Haematopus palliatus
       18/1 2 Parati.
White-backed Stilt   Himantopus (himantopus) melanurus
       4/1 4 Iraí lake, 8/1 several Antonina, 29/1 3 Parque Bariguí, Curitiba.
Southern Lapwing   Vanellus chilensis
       common at all grassy places.
Lesser Yellowlegs   Tringa flavipes
       3&29/1 4 Parque Bariguí, Curitiba, 4/1 2 Iraí lake.
Solitary Sandpiper   Tringa solitaria
       4/1 1 Iraí lake.
Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres
       18/1 15 Parati.
South American Snipe   Gallinago paraguaiae
       4/1 4 Iraí lake.
Kelp Gull   Larus dominicanus
       8/1 ca. 10 Antonina, 16/1 2 Ubatuba, 18/1 ca. 25 Parati, 27/1 2 Caiobá.
Royal Tern   Sterna maxima
       18/1 20 Parati, 28/1 1 Caiobá.
Least Tern   Sterna antillarum
       18/1 1 or 2 Parati.
Black Skimmer   Rynchops niger
       27/1 1 Guaratuba.
Picazuro Pigeon   Columba picazuro
       common at most sites visited.
Scaled Pigeon   Columba speciosa
       21&24/1 3 Intervales
Pale-vented Pigeon   Columba cayennensis
       5/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 7/1 1 Porto de Cima, 12/1 1 Iguazu Falls, 13/1 3 at the Campo Bonito farm.
Eared Dove   Zenaida auriculata
       fairly comon at most sites visited.
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove   Columbina minuta
       10/1 3 Foz do Iguaçu.
Ruddy Ground-Dove   Columbina talpacoti
       common at all sites visited.
Picui Ground-dove   Columbina picui
       11, 13&14 few underway near Foz do Iguaçu.
Blue Ground-Dove   Claravis pretiosa
       6/1 1 underway to Curitiba, 10/1 2 underway to Foz do Iguaçu, 21&24 2 underway to and from Intervales.
Scaled Dove   Scardafella squamata
       5&6/1 common Canyon de Guartelá.
White-tipped Dove   Leptotila verreauxi
       several at most sites visited (though not at all at Itatiaia).
Grey-fronted Dove   Leptotila rufaxilla
       several at most (wooded) sites visited.
Ruddy Quail-Dove   Geotrygon montana
       8/1 1 caminho de Graciosa, 11/1 2 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu) 16/1 2 Folha seca, 18/1 2 Ilha Sapeca (Parati), 27/1 1 Caiobá.
Violaceous Quail-Dove   Geotrygon violacea
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 12/1 1 Iguazu Falls.
White-eyed Parakeet   Aratinga leucophthalmus
       5/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 9&13/1 several at the Campo Bonito farm, 12/1 ca. 150 Iguazu Falls.
Maroon-bellied Parakeet   Pyrrhura frontalis
       6/1 ca. 25 Canyon de Guartelá, 17/1 1 at the Perequé site, common at Itatiaia & Intervales.
Blue-winged Parrotlet   Forpus xanthopterygius
       12/1 1 Iguazu Falls, 18&19/1 few around our hotel, Itatiaia NP, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Plain Parakeet   Brotogeris tirica
       Several in Curitiba, 8/1 ca. 20 along the road to Bairro Alto, 13/1 4 at the Campo Bonito farm, 23/1 2 Intervales.
Pileated Parrot   Pionopsitta pileata
       18/1 2 Hotel Cabanas do Itatiaia.
Scaly-headed Parrot   Pionus maximiliani
       8/1 2 Porto de Cima, 12/1 4 Sendero Macucu (Iguazu Falls), 13/1 6 at the Campo Bonito farm, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 22-23/1 2 Intervales.
Squirrel Cuckoo   Piaya cayana
       commonly encountered at most sites visited.
Greater Ani   Crotophaga major
       10/1 1 waterfalls, Foz do Iguaçu, 12/1 6 Iguazu Falls.
Smooth-billed Ani   Crotophaga ani
       Common in halfopen and agricultural areas.
Guira Cuckoo   Guira guira
       Common in halfopen and agricultural areas.
Striped Cuckoo   Tapera naevia
       17/1 1 Corcovado, 23-24/1 few Intervales, 27/1 1 Caiobá.
Barn Owl   Tyto alba
       26/1 1 (prabably this species) heard Caiobá centre.
Burrowing Owl   Athene cunicularia
       4/1 2 near the marsh where the Av. Rui Barbosa crosses the BR-277, 5&6/1 few along the Estrada da Graciosa, 8/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail, 13/1 6 at the Campo Bonito farm.
Lesser Nighthawk   Chordeiles acutipennis
       9&12/1 few at the Campo Bonito farm.
Common Nighthawk   Chordeiles minor
       16/1 at least 10 over Ubatuba town.
Semi-collared Nighthawk   Lurocalis semitorquatus
       5/1 3-4 Canyon de Guartelá, 20/1 2-3 Hotel Simon, Itatiaia.
Sooty Swift   Cypseloides fumigatus
       11/1 3 Foz do Iguaçu, 18-19/1 several around Hotel Cabanas do Itatiaia.
Great Dusky Swift   Cypseloides senex
       5&6/1 6-8 Canyon de Guartelá, 10-12/1 ca. 1000 Iguazu Falls.
White-collared Swift   Streptoprocne zonaris
       Common at most (mountainous) sites visited.
Biscutate Swift   Streptoprocne biscutata
       A breeding colony of ca. 100 birds at the furnas near Vila Velha.
Grey-rumped Swift   Chaetura cinereiventris
       12/1 5 Iguazu Falls.
Sick's Swift   Chaetura meridionalis
       Common in urban areas.
Saw-billed Hermit   Ramphodon naevius
       7/1 1 Pousada da Graciosa (near Pto. de Cima), 8/1 1 Pto. de Cima.
Scale-throated Hermit   Phaethornis eurynome
       7&25/1 Sa. da Graciosa, 20/1 1 Itatiaia, 23&24/1 1 Intervales.
Reddish Hermit   Phaethornis ruber
       16/1 2 Angelim, 1 Folha seca, 17/1 1 Corcovado, 1 at the Perequé site.
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird   Eupetomena macroura
       20/1 1-2 Itatiaia.
Black Jacobin   Melanotrochilus fuscus
       7&8/1 several Pto. de Cima track, 15&16/1 several at our hotel in Ubatuba, 17/1 1 Corcovado, common Itatiaia NP, 24/1 2 Intervales.
White-vented Violet-ear   Colibri serrirostris
       5&6/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 15/1 1 at our hotel in Ubatuba.
Black-throated Mango   Anthracothorax nigricollis
       8/1 3-4 Pto. de Cima track, 15/1 2 at our hotel in Ubatuba.
Frilled Coquette   Lophornis magnificus
       7&8/1 2 Pto. de Cima track, 15/1 2 at our hotel in Ubatuba.
Festive Coquette   Lophornis chalybeus
       20/1 4 Itatiaia.
Glittering-bellied Emerald   Chlorostilbon aureoventris
       13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 17/1 1 Corcovado.
Violet-capped Woodnymph   Thalurania glaucopis
       7&8/1 common Pto. de Cima track, 11/1 4 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 16/1 1 at our hotel in Ubatuba, 17/1 1 Corcovado, 18-20 several Itatiaia NP.
White-throated Hummingbird   Leucochloris albicollis
       9&13/1 1-2 at the Campo Bonito farm, 19/1 1 Hotel Simon, Itatiaia NP.
White-tailed Goldenthroat   Polytmus guainumbi
       11/1 2 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Versicolored Emerald   Amazilia versicolor
       7&8/1 3-4 Pto. de Cima trail, 22&24/1 1-2 Intervales.
Sapphire-spangled Emerald   Amazilia lactea
       16/1 1 at our hotel in Ubatuba, 20/1 1 Itatiaia.
Sombre Hummingbird   Aphantochroa cirrochloris
       17/1 1 Corcovado.
Brazilian Ruby   Clytolaema rubricauda
       19&20/1 2 Hotel Simon, Itatiaia.
Black-eared Fairy   Heliothryx aurita
       20/1 1 Itatiaia.
Blue-tufted Starthroat   Heliomaster furcifer
       4/1 1 Sta. Monica club.
White-tailed Trogon   Trogon viridis
       20/1 2 near the administration building, Itatiaia.
Surucua Trogon   Trogon surrucura
       10/1 1 waterfalls (Foz do Iguaçu), 11/1 2 Poço preto trail, 12/1 1 Sendero Macuco, 22-23/1 few Intervales, 25/1 at least 3 Sa. da Graciosa.
Black-throated Trogon   Trogon rufus
       11/1 2 Poço preto trail, 12/1 Sendero Macuco (Iguazu falls).
Amazon Kingfisher   Chloroceryle amazona
       4/1 3 Iraí lake, 1 Sta. Monica club, 21/1 1 Intervales.
Green Kingfisher   Chloroceryle americana
       4/1 2 Iraí lake, 2 Sta. Monica club.
Ringed Kingfisher   Megaceryle torquata
       several here and there along the road and at our hotel in Ubatuba.
Rufous-capped Motmot   Baryphthengus ruficapillus
       11/1 Poço preto trail.
Rufous-tailed Jacamar   Galbula ruficauda
       17/1 3 at the Perequé site.
White-necked Puffbird   Notharchus macrorhynchos
       10/1 1 Iguazu falls, 16/1 1 Angelim.
White-eared Puffbird   Nystalus chacuru
       6/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 4 at the Campo Bonito farm, 21-22/1 2 Intervales.
Crescent-chested Puffbird   Malacoptila striata
       7/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 8/1 1 along the road to Bairro Alto.
Chestnut-eared Araçari   Pteroglossus castanotis
       10/1 1 Iguazu falls.
Spot-billed Toucanet   Selenidera maculirostris
       8/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 23/1 1 Intervales.
Saffron Toucanet   Baillonius bailloni
       19/1 5 Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales, 27/1 at nest Caiobá.
Red-breasted Toucan   Ramphastos dicolorus
       5&6/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 17/1 1 Corcovado, 19/1 4 Hotel Simon (Itatiaia), 20/1 3 near the museum there, 21-24 several Intervales, 27/1 2 Caiobá.
Channel-billed Toucan   Ramphastos vitellinus
       8/1 2 Caminho da Graciosa, 17/1 2 at the Perequé site.
Toco Toucan   Ramphastus toco
       12/1 4 Iguazu falls (near the entrance).
White-barred Piculet   Picumnus cirratus
       15/1 at our Ubatuba hotel, 17/1 1 at the Perequé site, 18/1 2 Cabanas de Itatiaia, 20/1 2 near the administration building (Itatiaia).
Ochre-collared Piculet   Picumnus temminckii
       7&25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 8/1 2 Pousada da Graciosa (near Pto. de Cima), 11/1 6 Poço preto trail, 12/1 10-12 Iguazu falls, 22-24/1 common Intervales, 27/1 ca. 6 Caiobá.
White Woodpecker   Leuconerpes candidus
       5-6/1 common Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 6 at the Campo Bonito farm.
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker   Melanerpes flavifrons
       7/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa, 13/1 2 at the Campo Bonito farm, 17/1 2 Corcovado, 19/1 2 Hotel Simon (Itatiaia), 21-24 several Intervales.
White-spotted Woodpecker   Veniliornis spilogaster
       7&25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 22-24 few Intervales.
Golden-green Woodpecker   Piculus chrysochloros
       4/1 1 at the marsh where the Av. Rui Barbosa crosses the BR-277, 20/1 1 Maromba bridge (Itatiaia).
This is way out of range for this species, so it's better left as an uncertain record.
Yellow-browed Woodpecker   Piculus aurulentus
       22-24/1 several Intervales.
Green-barred Woodpecker   Chrysoptilus melanochloros
       4/1 2 at Sta. Monica club.
Campo Flicker   Colaptes campestris
       5/1 3 on our way to Guartelá, 6/1 common at Canyon de Guartelá, 8/1 few Pto. de Cima trail, 12/1 1 Iguazu Falls, 13/1 several at the Campo Bonito farm, 18/1 2 on our way to Itatiaia, 21-24 common Intervales.
Blond-crested Woodpecker   Celeus flavescens
       (probably the most splendid species of Woodpecker I know!)
       5&6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 8/1 2 Pto.de Cima trail, 27/1 2 Caiobá.
Robust Woodpecker   Campephilus robustus
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu falls), 23/1 1 Intervales.
Thrush-like Woodcreeper   Dendrocincla turdina
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu falls), 16/1 1 Folha seca, 17/1 3 Corcovado, 19/1 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
Olivaceous Woodcreeper   Sittasomus griseicapillus
       11/1 6-8 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu falls), 12/1 2 Sendero Macucu (Iguazu falls), 19-20/1 common Itatiaia, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
White-throated Woodcreeper   Xiphocolaptes albicollis
       24/1 1 seen at close range Intervales.
Planalto Woodcreeper   Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
       20/1 several Itatiaia, 22/1 1 Intervales.
Scalloped Woodcreeper   Lepidocolaptes falcinellus
       7&8/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa.
Scaled Woodcreeper   Lepidocolaptes squamatus
       19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 22-24/1 few Intervales.
Lesser Woodcreeper   Lepidocolaptes fuscus
       20/1 2 near the administration building (Itatiaia), 24/1 1 Intervales.
Black-billed Scythebill   Campylorhamphus falcularius
       20/1 1 splendid bird near the start of the Jeep trail (Itatiaia).
Rufous Hornero   Furnarius rufus
       Common at most places.
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail   Leptasthenura setaria
       29/1 4-5 in Curitiba, near the Botanical Gardens.
Rufous-capped Spinetail   Synallaxis ruficapilla
       Fairly common at most sites visited.
Chicli Spinetail   Synallaxis spixi
       17/1 2 Corcovado, 21-24/1 several Intervales, 25/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa.
Grey-bellied Spinetail   Synallaxis cinerascens
       25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa.
Pallid Spinetail   Cranioleuca pallida
       18/1 1 Itatiaia (but supposedly more common), 22-24 2 Intervales.
Olive Spinetail   Cranioleuca obsoleta
       4/1 4 Sta. Monica club, 13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 20/1 2 Itatiaia museum, 23-24 several Intervales, 29/1 very common in the Curitiba Botanical Gardens.
Yellow-chinned Spinetail   Certhiaxis cinnamomea
       27/1 1 or 2 Caiobá.
mystery furnariid
       27/1 1 Caiobá: please have a look at the pictures I took from a spinetail-like bird that I was unable to identify. I would welcome any suggestions to the species this concerned.
Canebrake Groundcreeper   Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides
       7&25/1 1-2 Sa. da Graciosa.
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper   Lochmias nematura
       5-6/1 1-2 Canyon de Guartelá, 19/1 1 tres picos trail (Itatiaia), 24/1 1 Intervales.
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner   Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
       16/1 1 Angelim, 19/1 2 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
White-browed Foliage-gleaner   Philydor amaurotis
       19/1 2 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner   Philydor lichtensteini
       11-12/1 common Iguaçu falls.
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner   Philydor atricapillus
       7-8/1 5 Caminho de Graciosa, 11/1 2 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 several Intervales.
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner   Philydor rufus
       20/1 2 near the administration building (Itatiaia), 22-23/1 several Intervales.
White-collared Foliage-gleaner   Anabazenops fuscus
       18-19/1 2 Itatiaia, 23-24 6 Intervales.
Pale-browed Treehunter   Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
       22-23/1 2 Intervales.
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner   Automolus leucophthalmus
       8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 12/1 1 Sendero Macucu (Iguaçu falls).
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser   Sclerurus scansor
       4-5/1 1-2 Canyon de Guartelá, 8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 11/1 3 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu falls).
Sharp-billed Treehunter   Heliobletus contaminatus
       7,8,15&25/1 common Sa. da Graciosa, 19-20 several Itatiaia, 24/1 1 Intervales.
Streaked Xenops   Xenops rutilans
       7/1 2 Caminho da Graciosa, 22/1 1 Intervales.
Giant Antshrike   Batara cinerea
       24/1 2 heard Intervales.
Large-tailed Antshrike   Mackenziaena leachii
       24/1 1 Intervales.
Tufted Antshrike   Mackenziaena severa
       7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 22/1 1 (probably this species - listen to the call, a loud tjuuuu.....tjuu-tjuu-tjuu-tjuu), 23/1 1 Intervales.
Eastern Slaty Antshrike   Thamnophilus punctatus
       19/1 2 tres picos trail, 20/1 2 near Maromba bridge (Itatiaia).
Variable Antshrike   Thamnophilus caerulescens
       6,7&15&25/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 22-24 few Intervales, 28/1 1 Parque de Tangua, Curitiba.
Rufous-capped Antshrike   Thamnophilus ruficapillus
       22/1 1 Intervales.
Spot-breasted Antvireo   Dysithamnus stictothorax
       15/1 1 behind our hotel in Ubatuba, 16/1 2 Angelim and 2 Folha seca, 18/1 2 Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales.
Plain Antvireo   Dysithamnus mentalis
       11-12/1 common at Iguazu falls, 13/1 2 at the Campo Bonito farm, 15&25/1 few Sa. da Graciosa, 19-20/1 few Itatiaia, 22-24 several Intervales.
Star-throated Antwren   Myrmotherula gularis
       16/1 1 Angelim, 20/1 2 near Maromba bridge (Itatiaia).
Black-hooded Antwren   Formicivora erythronotos
       17/1 1 splendid male at the Perequé site.
Salvadori's Antwren   Myrmotherula minor
       16/1 1 female seen at close range at Angelim.
Unicolored Antwren   Myrmotherula unicolor
       8/1 1 male seen at very close range along the Caminho de Graciosa.
Antwren sp.   Herpsilochmus spec.
       17/1 2 Corcovado; most resembling Large-billed H. longirostris, but that of course would be highly unusual here.
Rufous-winged Antwren   Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
       8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 11-12 common Iguaçu falls.
Ferruginous Antbird   Drymophila ferruginea
       16/1 4-6 Angelim, 19&20/1 few along tres picos trail, 20/1 few near Maromba bridge (Itatiaia), 23-24/1 few Intervales.
Ochre-rumped Antbird   Drymophila ochropyga
       19/1 3-4 along the early parts of tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
Dusky-tailed Antbird   Drymophila malura
       7&25/1 1-2 Sa. da Graciosa.
Scaled Antbird   Drymophila squamata
       16/1 4 Angelim, 2 Folha seca, 17/1 few Corcovado.
Streak-capped Antwren   Terenura maculata
       7/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 16/1 3 Angelim, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales.
White-shouldered Fire-eye   Pyriglena leucoptera
       16/1 2 Angelim, 17/1 1 at the Perequé sita, 18-20 common Itatiaia, 21-24 several Intervales, 25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 27/1 3 Caiobá.
Squamate Antbird   Myrmeciza squamosa
       22&23/1 2 Intervales.
Rufous-capped Antthrush   Formicarius colma
       17/1 1 Corcovado.
Short-tailed Antthrush   Chamaeza campanisona
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 11-13/1 few heard Iguaçu falls, 24/1 at least 3 heard Intervales.
Such's (Cryptic) Antthrush   Chamaeza meruloides
       20/1 1 tres picos trail + several more heard.
Variegated Antpitta   Grallaria varia
       8/1 1 heard Sa. da Graciosa, 20/1 1 heard along the Jeep trail and 1 briefly seen at close range along the tres picos trail (Itatiaia), 21-24/1 2 heard Intervales.
Rufous Gnateater   Conopophaga lineata
       5&6/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 22/1 2 Intervales.
Slaty Bristlefront   Merulaxis ater
       16/1 1 seen and 2 more heard Angelim, 17/1 1 heard Corcovado.
Serra do Mar Tapaculo   Scytalopus notorius
       7/1 1 seen Sa. da Graciosa, 8/1 2 heard Caminho da Graciosa, 15/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 16/1 1 heard Angelim, 17/1 1 heard Corcovado.
White-breasted Tapaculo   Scytalopus indigoticus
       24/1 1 heard Intervales, 27/1 1 heard Caiobá.
Planalto Tyrannulet   Phyllomyias fasciatus
       7/1 5 Sa. da Graciosa, several Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Grey-capped Tyrannulet   Phyllomyias griseocapilla
       23/1 2 Intervales.
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet   Camptostoma obsoletum
       25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa.
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher   Sublegatus modestus
       23/1 3 Intervales.
Campo Suiriri   Suiriri (suiriri) affinis
       24/1 1 Intervales.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia   Elaenia flavogaster
       5/1 1 (sound recorded) Canyon de Guartelá.
Small-billed Elaenia   Elaenia parvirostris
       3/1 1 Parque Bariguí, Curitiba.
Olivaceous Elaenia   Elaenia mesoleuca
       23/1 3 (sound recorded) Intervales.
Lesser Elaenia   Elaenia chiriquensis
       24/1 2 or 3 Intervales.
White-crested Tyrannulet   Serpophaga subcristata
       22/1 1 Intervales.
Sooty Tyrannulet   Serpophaga nigricans
       5/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 22/1 1 Intervales.
Grey-hooded Flycatcher   Mionectes rufiventris
       7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 8/1 1-2 Caminho de Graciosa, 12/1 1 Iguazu Falls, 20/1 2-4 Jeep trail, Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales.
Sepia-capped Flycatcher   Leptopogon amaurocephalus
       8/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail, 11/1 2 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 17/1 1 Corcovado.
Southern Bristle-Tyrant   Phylloscartes eximius
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet   Phylloscartes ventralis
       16/1 1 Angelim, 17/1 1 Corcovado, 21-22/1 few Intervales, 25/1 3 Sa. da Graciosa.
Oustalet's Tyrannulet   Phylloscartes oustaleti
       24/1 1 Intervales.
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet   Phylloscartes sylviolus
       23/1 3 to 5 Intervales.
Yellow Tyrannulet   Capsiempis flaveola
       17/1 1 Corcovado.
Southern Antpipit   Corythopis delalandi
       11/1 2 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant   Myiornis auricularis
       11/1 3 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 12/1 1 Iguazu Falls, 20/1 3 tres picos trail (Itatiaia), 22-24/1 several Intervales, 27/1 2 Caiobá.
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant   Hemitriccus diops
       20/1 1 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher   Todirostrum poliocephalum
       7-8/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail, 17/1 2 Corcovado.
Common Tody-Flycatcher   Todirostrum cinereum
       3/1 1 at Guarulhos airport parking.
Large-headed Flatbill   Ramphotrigon megacephala
       19/1 1 tres picos trail and 1 at Maromba bridge, Itatiaia).
Yellow-olive Flycatcher   Tolmomyias sulphurescens
       7-8/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail, 11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 19/1 1 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
White-throated Spadebill   Platyrinchus mystaceus
       5-6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Russet-winged Spadebill   Platyrinchus leucoryphus
       17/1 1 Corcovado.
Whiskered (Sulphur-rumped) Flycatcher   Myiobius barbatus
       8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa.
Bran-colored Flycatcher   Myiophobus fasciatus
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 7/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 21-24/1 several Intervales, 25/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa, 27/1 1 Caiobá.
Grey Monjita   Xolmis cinerea
       5-6/1 several near Canyon de Guartelá.
Velvety Black-Tyrant   Knipolegus nigerrimus
       5/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 25/1 1 male Sa. da Graciosa.
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant   Knipolegus cyanirostris
       25/1 1 male Sa. da Graciosa.
Crested Black-Tyrant   Knipolegus lophotes
       5/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá.
Masked Water Tyrant   Fluvicola nengeta
       16/1 2 at our hotel in Ubatuba, 17/1 2 Perequé.
White-headed Marsh Tyrant   Arundinicola leucocephala
       4/1 1 at Iraí lake.
Long-tailed Tyrant   Colonia colonus
       15-16/1 1 behind our hotel in Ubatuba, 17/1 3 Corcovado.
Yellow-browed Tyrant   Satrapa icterophrys
       4/1 2-3 at Sta. Monica club near Curitiba, 6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá.
Cliff Flycatcher   Hirundinea ferruginea
       6, 9, 16 & 17/1 1 along the road, 19-20 several Itatiaia (1 apparently breeding on the veranda of our hotel), 22/1 1 Intervales, 27/1 1 Caiobá.
Cattle Tyrant   Machetornis rixosus
       Fairly common in parks and agricultural areas.
Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant   Muscipipra vetula
       22-24/1 several Intervales, 25/1 few Sa. da Graciosa.
Rufous-tailed Attila   Attila phoenicurus
       8/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 15&25/1 several there, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Grey-hooded Attila   Attila rufus
       19/1 2 Maromba bridge (Itatiaia), 22-23/1 few Intervales.
Sirystes   Sirystes sibilator
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 12/1 3 Iguazu falls, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23-24 few Intervales.
Swainson's Flycatcher   Myiarchus swainsoni
       24/1 several Intervales. This remains a tricky species to identify (it's probably much more common).
Short-crested Flycatcher   Myiarchus ferox
       5-6/1 at least 2 Canyon de Guartelá, 19/1 2 at our hotel in Itatiaia.
Great Kiskadee   Pitangus sulphuratus
       Common almost everywhere.
Boat-billed Flycatcher   Megarynchus pitangua
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 17/1 1-2 Perequé, 21-23/1 few Intervales.
Three-striped Flycatcher   Conopias trivirgata
       23/1 1 observed well at Intervales.
Streaked Flycatcher   Myiodynastes maculatus
       Fairly common at Pto. de Cima trail, Campo Bonito area, Intervales and Caiobá. Only 1 seen at Itatiaia (near museum).
Piratic Flycatcher   Legatus leucophaius
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 9&13/1 few at the Campo Bonito farm, 12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 15-17/1 several Ubatuba area, 21-24 several Intervales, 29/1 few in Curitiba.
Variegated Flycatcher   Empidonomus varius
       4/1 4 at Sta. Monica club near Curitiba, 5-6/1 several Canyon de Guartelá.
Tropical Kingbird   Tyrannus melancholicus
       Itatiaia was the only site where we didn't see this species.
Fork-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus savana
       Common throughout, though not observed in the Ubatuba area and at Itatiaia.
Chestnut-crowned Becard   Pachyramphus castaneus
       20/1 at least 3 at our hotel in Itatiaia. This species is easily overlooked as Crested Becard is very similar.
White-winged Becard   Pachyramphus polychopterus
       29/1 2 in the Botanical garden in Curitiba.
Black-capped Becard   Pachyramphus marginatus
       17/1 1 female Corcovado.
Crested Becard   Pachyramphus validus
       4-6/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 8/1 few Pto. de Cima trail, 21-24/1 few Intervales.
Black-tailed Tityra   Tityra cayana
       23-24/1 several Intervales.
Black-crowned Tityra   Tityra inquisitor
       20/1 1 near the administration building, Itatiaia, 27/1 3 near Caiobá.
Greenish Schiffornis   Schiffornis virescens
       24/1 1 observed well at Intervales.
Wing-barred Piprites   Piprites chloris
       11/1 1 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Helmeted Manakin   Antilophia galeata
       6/1 1 female at Canyon de Guartelá.
White-bearded Manakin   Manacus manacus
       8/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 17/1 several imm males Corcovado.
Pin-tailed Manakin   Ilicura militaris
       7/1 2 females or immatures Sa. da Graciosa.
Swallow-tailed (Blue) Manakin   Chiroxiphia caudata
       Common in most forested areas, like Sa. da Graciosa, Pto. de Cima trail, Iguaçu falls, Ubatuba area and Intervales. Only a few recorded at Itatiaia.
Swallow-tailed Cotinga   Phibalura flavirostris
       22-24/1 a pair with at least 2 young at nest near HQ, Intervales.
Hooded Berryeater   Carpornis cucullatus
       7,8,15&25/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Buff-throated Purpletuft   Iodopleura pipra
       16/1 2 at Angelim.
Cinnamon-vented Piha   Lipaugus lanioides
       23/1 2 Intervales.
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow   Pyroderus scutatus
       22/1 at least 5 Intervales.
Bare-throated Bellbird   Procnias nudicollis
       5,7,8,15&25/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 16/1 2 Folha seca, 22-24/1 several Intervales. Surprisingly few were actually seen, but some of these at least very well and at close range.
Sharpbill   Oxyruncus cristatus
       Unfortunately none were seen, but 1 was heard 11/1 along the Poço preto trail (Iguaçu) and 1 24/1 at Intervales.
White-winged Swallow   Tachycineta albiventer
       10/1 5 at Iguaçu falls, 12/1 few at the Argentinian side.
White-rumped Swallow   Tachycineta leucorrhoa
       3/1 20 at Parque Bariguí, Curitiba, 4/1 few at Sta. Monica club.
Brown-chested Martin   Phaeoprogne tapera
       4/1 1 or 2 at the Wetland Tapaculo site, 8/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail.
Grey-breasted Martin   Progne chalybea
       Common in most places, but apparently absent from Itatiaia.
Blue-and-white Swallow   Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
       Very common everywhere.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow   Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
       Common at most sites visited, but apparently not seen in the Ubatuba area.
Sand Martin   Riparia riparia
       7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 9/1 2 at the Campo Bonito farm.
Cliff Swallow   Hirundo pyrrhonota
       13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 22/1 1 Intervales.
Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica
       8/1 ca. 70 along the road towards Bairro Alto.
Long-billed Wren   Thryothorus longirostris
       27/1 3 near Caiobá.
Southern House Wren   Troglodytes musculus
       Common at nearly all sites visited.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird   Mimus saturninus
       6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 10/1 2 along the road towards Foz do Iguaçu, 13/1 6 at the Campo Bonito farm, 15/1 several Ubatuba, 21-24/1 several Intervales.
Yellow-legged Thrush   Platycichla flavipes
       8/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa, 25/1 5 to 7 there, 22/1 3 Intervales.
Rufous-bellied Thrush   Turdus rufiventris
       Common at most sites visited.
Pale-breasted Thrush   Turdus leucomelas
       5-6/1 several Canyon de Guartelá, 10-12/1 several Iguaçu falls, 18-20/1 several Itatiaia, 22-24 several Intervales, 27/1 few near Caiobá.
Creamy-bellied Thrush   Turdus amaurochalinus
       3/1 1 Parque Bariguí, Curitiba, 4/1 several Sta. Monica club, 5-6/1 common at Canyon de Guartelá.
White-necked Thrush   Turdus albicollis
       7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 8/1 2 Caminho de Graciosa, 12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 16/1 1 Angelim, 22-24 few Intervales, 25/1 3 Sa. da Graciosa.
Long-billed Gnatwren   Ramphocaenus melanurus
       16/1 2 at Angelim.
       Easily detected by its song.
Rufous-collared Sparrow   Zonotrichia capensis
       Very common nearly everywhere; not observed only along the Poço preto trail and at Itatiaia.
Grassland Sparrow   Ammodramus humeralis
       4/1 1 at Iraí lake, 5/1 several along the road towards Canyon de Guartelá.
Uniform Finch   Haplospiza unicolor
       23/1 1 male Intervales (Carmo road), 24/1 2 near HQ, Intervales.
Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch   Poospiza nigrorufa
       4/1 2 at Iraí lake.
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch   Poospiza lateralis
       7&25/1 5 Sa. da Graciosa.
Saffron Finch   Sicalis flaveola
       Common in agricultural areas, parks and gardens.
Misto Yellow-Finch   Sicalis luteiventris
       5/1 1 singing along the entry road to Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 several at tye Capo Bonito farm, 17/1 few Corcovado.
Lesser Grass-Finch   Emberizoides ypiranganus
       7/1 2 singing in the fields at the beginning of the Graciosa road.
Great Pampa-Finch   Embernagra platensis
       4,5,7&15/1 few along the Graciosa road.
Blue-black Grassquit   Volatinia jacarina
       Common in grassy areas.
Lined Seedeater   Sporophila lineola
       21&24/1 1 male HQ, Intervales.
Double-collared Seedeater   Sporophila caerulescens
       Very common at most sites visited.
Tawny-bellied Seedeater   Sporophila hypoxantha
       5/1 2 along the road towards Canyon de Guartelá.
Lesser Seed-Finch   Oryzoborus angolensis
       12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 22-23/1 1-2 Intervales.
Saffron-billed Sparrow   Arremon flavirostris
       12/1 5 Iguazu falls.
Red-crested Finch   Coryphospingus cucullatus
       12/1 10 Iguazu falls.
Yellow-billed Cardinal   Paroaria capitata
       12/1 2-4 Iguazu falls.
Green-winged Saltator   Saltator similis
       5/1 1 underway to Guartelá, 6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá, 22-24 several Intervales, 25/1 few Sa. da Graciosa.
Thick-billed Saltator   Saltator maxillosus
       7,8&15/1 1-3 Sa. da Graciosa,
Glaucous-blue Grosbeak   Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea
       5/1 1 female Canyon de Guartelá.
Brown Tanager   Orchesticus abeillei
       19/1 2 near our hotel in Itatiaia NP.
Cinnamon Tanager   Schistochlamys ruficapillus
       5/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá.
Magpie Tanager   Cissopis leveriana
       11&12/1 several Iguaçu falls, 13/1 1 at the Campo Bonito farm, 17/1 1 Perequé, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 few Intervales.
Guira Tanager   Hemithraupis guira
       7/1 1 female near the Rio Mže Catsia, 13/1 1 male at the Campo Bonito farm.
Rufous-headed Tanager   Hemithraupis ruficapilla
       16/1 1 male Angelim, 19/1 1 male tres picos trail, 20/1 2 males near the administration building (Itatiaia), 23/1 few Intervales.
Olive-green Tanager   Orthogonys chloricterus
       19&20/1 common Itatiaia, especially around Hotel Simon.
Grey-headed Tanager   Eucometis penicillata
       19/1 2 tres picos trail (Itatiaia).
Flame-crested Tanager   Tachyphonus cristatus
       7/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail, 17/1 2 Corcovado. The birds at the Pto. de Cima trail must have been the most SW occurrence possible, as Ridgely & Tudor's BSA states for this species' range "...; coastal e. Brazil (... south to e. Sao Paulo)".
Ruby-crowned Tanager   Tachyphonus coronatus
       5-6/1 few Canyon de guartelá, 7-8&15/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 11-12/1 several Iguaçu falls, 16-18/1 several Ubatuba area, 21-24/1 several Intervales, 25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 27/1 several near Caiobá.
       I am not so sure that all birds at Canyon de Guartelá and Iguaçu falls referred to this species (and not to White-lined Tanager T. rufus), as the females appeared very uniform chestnut brown here. It was only much later that I realised this possibility.
Black-goggled Tanager   Trichothraupis melanops
       11-12/1 common Iguaçu falls, 13/1 few at the Campo Bonito farm, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 22-24/1 few Intervales.
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager   Habia rubica
       8/1 a family of at least 6 Caminho de Graciosa, 11-12/1 several Iguaçu falls, 22-23/1 few Intervales.
Brazilian Tanager   Ramphocelus bresilius
       17/1 at least 8 Corcovado, 27/1 1 near Caiobá.
Sayaca Tanager   Thraupis sayaca
       Very common almost everywhere.
Azure-shouldered Tanager   Thraupis cyanoptera
       22-24/1 few Intervales. Very like the previous species, but look for the buffy-toned belly, the heavy bill and the slightly different colour tones. The bright wrist patch sometimes shows when perched.
Golden-chevroned Tanager   Thraupis ornata
       8/1 2 Caminho de Graciosa, 16/1 1 Angelim, 18-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales, 29/1 several in Curitiba.
Palm Tanager   Thraupis palmarum
       8/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 10&13/1 few at the Campo Bonito farm, 17/1 few Corcovado, 18/1 few Parati, 23/1 2 Intervales, 26/1 1 Caiobá.
Diademed Tanager   Stephanophorus diadematus
       8,15&25/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Fawn-breasted Tanager   Pipraeidea melanonota
       8/1 2 Caminho de Graciosa.
Violaceous Euphonia   Euphonia violacea
       8/1 2 Pto. de Cima trail and 3 Caminho de Graciosa, 12/1 8 Iguazu falls.
Green-chinned Euphonia   Euphonia chalybea
       24/1 1 male Intervales.
Golden-rumped Euphonia   Euphonia cyanocephala
       6/1 2 Canyon de Guartelá.
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia   Euphonia pectoralis
       11/1 5-6 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 16/1 at least 4 Angelim, 17/1 few Corcovado, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 1 male Intervales, 27/1 at least 4 near Caiobá.
Blue-naped Chlorophonia   Chlorophonia cyanea
       20/1 1 male Jeep trail, Itatiaia.
Green-headed Tanager   Tangara seledon
       very common at the Pto. de Cima trail, Iguazu falls, Ubatuba area, Itatiaia and Caiobá, but apparently much less so or even absent in Intervales.
Red-necked Tanager   Tangara cyanocephala
       7-8/1 at least 3 Pto. de Cima trail, 16/1 4 Angelim, 17/1 several Corcovado, 22-23/1 few at Intervales, 27/1 common near Caiobá.
Brassy-breasted Tanager   Tangara desmaresti
       19/1 2 tres picos trail, 20/1 2 near the administration entrance (Itatiaia), 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Gilt-edged Tanager   Tangara cyanoventris
       18-20/1 several at various locations, Itatiaia.
Chestnut-backed Tanager   Tangara preciosa
       25/1 1 female of what probably was this species Sa. da Graciosa.
Blue Dacnis   Dacnis cayana
       7-8/1 several Pto. de Cima trail, 12/1 6 Iguazu falls, 15/1 few at our hotel in Ubatuba, 16/1 several Angelim, 17/1 few at Perequé, 19-20/1 several Itatiaia, 23/1 1 Intervales, 27/1 few near Caiobá.
Green Honeycreeper   Chlorophanes spiza
       17/1 2 Corcovado.
Swallow Tanager   Tersina viridis
       5-6/1 common Canyon de Guartelá, 8/1 1 Caminho de Graciosa, 9-10/1 few at the Campo Bonito farm.
Bananaquit   Coereba flaveola
       Common in cultivated areas.
Tropical Parula   Parula pitiayumi
       Here and there several were seen, especially in city parks.
Masked Yellowthroat   Geothlypis aequinoctialis
       4/1 3-4 at Iraí lake, 7/1 2 at the beginning of the Sa. da Graciosa road, 17/1 3-4 Corcovado, 22/1 few Intervales.
Golden-crowned Warbler   Basileuterus culicivorus
       Fairly common at most places visited.
Neotropical River Warbler   Basileuterus rivularis
       8/1 2-4 Pto. de Cima trail, 17/1 3 Corcovado.
White-browed Warbler   Basileuterus leucoblepharus
       5-6/1 at least 5 Canyon de Guartelá, 16/1 5 Angelim, 22/1 2 Intervales, 25/1 2 Sa. da Graciosa, 29/1 1 in Curitiba.
       These birds are usually calling a lot.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike   Cyclarhis gujanensis
       7&15/1 several Sa. da Graciosa, 20/1 1 at our hotel (Itatiaia), 22/1 1 Intervales.
Red-eyed Vireo   Vireo olivaceus
       Common at most places visited.
Rufous-crowned Greenlet   Hylophilus poicilotis
       25/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa.
Crested Oropendola   Psarocolius decumanus
       8/1 1 Pto. de Cima trail, 12/1 1 Iguazu falls, 17/1 20 Corcovado.
Red-rumped Cacique   Cacicus haemorrhous
       18-19/1 several Itatiaia, 20/1 >100 there, 23/1 4 Intervales, 27/1 1 near Caiobá.
Golden-winged Cacique   Cacicus chrysopterus
       7/1 1 Sa. da Graciosa, 22-24/1 several Intervales.
Epaulet Oriole   Icterus cayanensis
       9&13/1 several at the Campo Bonito farm.
Chestnut-capped Blackbird   Agelaius ruficapillus
       4/1 several at the marsh at Av. Rui Barbosa/BR-277.
White-browed Blackbird   Leistes superciliaris
       Common in marshy areas.
Yellow-rumped Marshbird   Pseudoleistes guirahuro
       5-6/1 several along the road towards Canyon de Guartelá, 9/1 3 along the road towards Campo Bonito, 21/1 2 along the road towards Intervales.
Chopi Blackbird   Gnorimopsar chopi
       Common in urbanised areas, e.g. 3/1 10 Parque Bariguí, Curitiba. None at Intervales.
Shiny Cowbird   Molothrus bonariensis
       As for the previous species. Several at Intervales.
Giant Cowbird   Scaphidura oryzivora
       5/1 few underway to Canyon de Guartelá, 6/1 1 Canyon de Guartelá.
Hooded Siskin   Carduelis magellanica
       5/1 2 underway to Canyon de Guartelá, 13/1 6 at the Campo Bonito farm.
House Sparrow   Passer domesticus
       Common in urbanised areas.
Azure Jay   Cyanocorax caeruleus
       7/1 3 at our hotel in Morretes, 8/1 at least 6 Pto. de Cima trail and at least 6 along Caminho de Graciosa.
Plush-crested Jay   Cyanocorax chrysops
       10/1 8 at Iguaçu falls, 11/1 5 Poço preto trail, 12/1 several Iguazu falls, 13/1 common at the Campo Bonito farm, 29/1 3 in Curitiba.

       MAMMALS

Common Opossum   Didelphis marsupialis
       23/1 1 Intervales, 26/1 1 at night in Guaratuba.
Several species of bat were seen at various wooded places, but these could not be identified to species. The same applied for squirrels.
Tufted-ear Marmoset   Callithrix jacchus aurita
       18/1 at least 4 Ilha Sapeca, Parati Bay.
Brown Capuchin Monkey   Cebus apella
       11/1 ca. 6 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu), 19/1 ca. 8 tres picos trail, Itatiaia.
Black Howler Monkey   Alouatta caraya
       (not seen well) 11/1 ca. 6 Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).
Brown Howler Monkey   Alouatta fusca
       23/1 2 Intervales.
South American Coati   Nasua nasua
       10/1 several on the Brazilian side of the Iguaçu waterfalls.
Tayra   Eira barbara
       19/1 crossing the main road in Itatiaia NP.
Jaguar   Panthera onca
       23/1 1 black animal chasing a little deer at Intervales.
Azara's Agouti   Dasyprocta azarae
       An agouti that most likely belonged to this species was seen 11/1 along the Poço preto trail (Iguaçu).

       REPTILES

Snakes appeared here and there but usually rushed off before we could get good views. However, one Common or Olive Whipsnake appeared 17/1 on our trail at Corcovado and stayed there. Monitor lizards were also seen regularly, as well as smaller species of lizard.

       BUTTERFLIES

Monarch butterfly   Danaus spec.
       24/1 1 or 2 Intervales.
Many other species were seen, see some pictures.

 


Copyright ©Teus Luijendijk 2002