South-East Brazil January 2002
Always take the weather with you (Crowded House)
by Teus Luijendijk (& Adriana Contin)
From the 3rd till the 29th of January, 2002, I visited South-East Brazil. This trip had a dual purpose: since my girlfriend is Brazilian, we went to look up her parents, who live in the town of Curitiba. The other main reason to travel around and see a bit of the country, was to do some serious Brazilian birding. For this purpose, we listed some areas we wanted to visit, but we refrained from making a tight schedule in advance. Instead, we even went to visit some areas that I have never seen mentioned in any birding report dealing with this part of the country. This made the trip rather relaxed, but it was also exciting, as new localities mean new possibilities to find something special.
I brought several birding reports; particularly the ones by Mike Hunter and Samuel Hansson (thanks guys!) were very useful. These reports are available through the Worldtwitch - Brazil website. Also my thanks to John van der Woude for useful comments and recommendations. His trip report is also available through Worldtwitch - Brazil.
Another good source of information was Jeremy Minns' website on birding localities in Brazil.
Two tapes with bird recordings (prepared by Mike Hunter and Lars Petersson - thanks again!) proved very useful to become familiar with many calls and songs. Few birds actually needed a tape to get into view - I usually imitate and that goes equally well! Only the Antthrushes really needed a tape to get close enough.
When I arrived in Brazil, I had just picked up a number of brandnew Euro bills from my bank in Holland. These appeared to be almost useless in Brazil, as the rate was something like U$ 0.82 for a Euro (should have been like 0.95 by that time). So I changed dollars instead. Credit cards are widely accepted, so bring it if you have one.
Forget your favourite hometown restaurant, Brazil is the place to go to for good food! I already experienced this when I visited the Pantanal in 1993, but it was even better now. Pizzas are simple but extremely tasty, meat comes in a wide variety and it's all tender, pastas are served that you have never imagined, etc. etc. And it's all amazingly cheap, you can easily eat (plenty of) pizza with drinks for just U$ 3 per person.
We arranged in advance a car at a local rental station in Curitiba. It cost not more than U$ 480 for the whole month. It is advisable to take all the insurance, as you never know in countries like Brazil. We regularly saw accidents, one morning (when I was driving alone for the first time) a truck coming from the other side on the main highway (BR 116) had just crashed through the middle fence and dashed into the side of the road, miraculously missing any car on "my" side. So be prepared for the worst.
If you use the phone, you will have to dial a two-digit code for the provider. These are generally indicated when a phone number is given as "xx". Using a public phone, you just have to find out which provider is supported by the machine (it is usually indicated, but not always).
Apparently Todos as Aves do Brasil by Deodato Souza is the book to bring. It was not available when I heard about it (well before the trip), not even through bookshops in Curitiba. There seems to be a new edition underway (or already published), which is/will be in english.
I used Dunning's South American birds, the Collins guide Birds of Southern South America and Antarctica by de la Peña & Rumboll and copies from Ridgely & Tudor's Birds of South America. The latter was invaluable: I would not like to travel in S-America without it! I also bring a small booklet of pictures taken from all the colour plates from these books.
For identification of the few mammals we saw, I used Emmons & Feer's Neotropical rainforest mammals.
This can be done with in one word: rain! Wherever we arrived, it started to pour (hence the second title of this report). Obviously this is not the right month to visit Brazil: it's hot and wet and there are frequent thunderstorms. I have been to parts of SE-Asia in the rainy season, but this was worse: often it wouldn't stop raining for more than a day. And when you think it's all over, it just starts all over again from the beginning.
Mosquitoes are - though not abundant - a regular nuisance. In the Sa. da Graciosa, however, horseflies and particularly fleas were much more serious threats to a relaxed birding trip. Bring plenty of DEET, although I am not sure whether this will keep the fleas away.
In the forests, keep your eyes open for snakes - they may turn up anywhere. There were also HUGE ants on the Macucu trail on the Argentinian side of the Iguacu falls that I would not like to see biting me.
I brought my new toy, a GPS, the size of a mobile phone. It is very useful to indicate spots accurately for future visitors, although the points stored ("waypoints", see below) not always matched those of previous visitors. I have no idea what could have caused this.
Some bird pictures are included with this report. They were taken from video recordings made on the rare moments of dry weather (there were some, yes!) using a Sony TRV-11E miniDV camera, equipped with a 2× converter. The resolution is not always satisfactory, but it's a very easy little device that I always bring when I am out birding. Some shots were taken through the Bushnell Spacemaster 22×60 telescope that I carried around as well.
ITINERARY & LOCALITY INFO
Arrival in Brazil. I spent the time between arrival at Guarulhos airport (São Paulo) and my flight to Curitiba by checking out the birds around the parking lot. After arrival in Curitiba and reunion with my family, we made a walk through Parque Bariguí, a more or less typical city park, but absolutely not devoid of birds.
Tried at two sites (the marsh at the corner of BR-277 and Av. Rui Barbosa and at Iraí lake) for Wetland Tapaculo Scytalopus iraiensis, but with no result. Later we heard that the birds have moved upstream from the lake, but I wouldn't know how to reach that spot. Some other nice birds like Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius ruficapillus. First itch from the abundance of fleas here.
Drove to a geological formation called Furnas, where a colony of Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata could be observed at close range. Then continued to Canyon de Guartelá, a nice gorge through the otherwise flat countryside, where you unfortunately are allowed nothing else than to walk up and down one single trail. A tiny piece of forest in the beginning (wp 005) proved to be perfect for some specialties like Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura, Semi-collared Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus, Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor, Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona, Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata and (surprisingly) Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata. In the stream (wp 006) a
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura performed very well, while Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus and Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes were further up towards the waterfall. Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus was heard at the camp site (where we spent the night).
A little more birding at Guartelá, then returned to Curitiba.
Drove to the Serra da Graciosa, following Jeremy Minns' instructions. Readily found the trail he described (wp 007), but failed to find the clearing he mentioned for Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides. Instead, just started walking this old road and bumped into some Groundcreepers by shear surprise (they responded well to agitated bird noises, at wp 033). Many other good birds, like Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius, Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura, White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster, Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa, Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura, Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae, Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus, Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris, Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullatus, Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis, Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes, Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa, Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus and Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa were seen well.
Lesser Grass-Finch Emberizoides ypiranganus was present in the meadows shortly after leaving the BR-116.
On the other side of the mountain, we checked here and there the old 17th century Caminho de Graciosa, a trail across these mountains through the forest, every now and then intersected by the road. It turned out to be difficult birding here, because of the VERY slippery stones it is paved with.
In the (late) afternoon, we checked out the trail lower down mentioned by Jeremy Minns at Porto de Cima. It was now somewhat better weather (at least not pissing with rain) so we found a number of nice birds in the leftovers of forest like Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius, Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus,
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis,
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata, Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris, Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata, Azure Jay Cyanocorax caeruleus, White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus, Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis, Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea and Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala.
Started off again along the trail at Porto de Cima although showers every now and then spoiled the fun a bit.
We had a little lunch in Antonina, where unfortunately no waders were to be found on the extensive mudflats, apart from some White-backed Stilts Himantopus melanurus.
Back to the forest: from the big bridge that you will cross coming down the mountains towards Antonina (across the Rio Mãe Catsia, wp 012), we walked up the Caminho de Graciosa once more. Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor, White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus, Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus and some more Azure Jays showed well here, while some (unidentified) predator on the forest floor had aroused Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus and Unicolored Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor to come down from the canopy, making them perform very well for us.
We drove up to the trail at the pass again, only to be met with a huge thunderstorm casting large hailstones all over the place. Fled to drier places and drove a little towards Bairro Alto, but did not see much there. In the evening we returned to Curitiba.
We drove West to the little town of Campo Bonito, where the family of my girlfriend's mother owns a farm. It used to produce wood but has switched to agriculture, not in the least because of invasions by 'Sem Terra' people, who claimed much of the land, cut down most of the trees and left again with all the profits, in the mean time murdering 2 and threatening and terrorising other workers and the owner of the plant. There were, however, still some patches of forest left and these are now undisturbed, still holding some forest birds. We saw Swallow-tailed (=Blue) Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata and heard Short-tailed Antthrush.
We drove from the farm further West to end in Foz do Iguaçu, where we checked into one of the hotels in the centre.
The waterfalls are amazing and definitely worth a visit. But an equally good reason to go here was that there also was some good birding to do, as I had read in Wheatley's Where to watch birds in South-America. However, the Brazilian side of the waterfalls has recently changed enormously, as it is no longer permitted to drive yourself to the parking area near the falls. Instead, you have to take a bus. But that's not it. This bus drives you to the start of the 'trail' towards the falls and you are not supposed to go anywhere else. The thought of having traveled this far (700 km) to be forced onto a 250 m trail full of noisy Brazilian tourists made me sick. Along the waterfall trail hardly anything could be found, apart from some Greater Anis Crotophaga major flying past, a White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos and lots of Great Dusky Swifts Cypseloides senex.
Time for action! My girlfriend is not only Brazilian, she is also quite persuasive and she managed to obtain permission to come back the next morning to walk the Poço preto trail (if you want to try to do the same, call IBAMA at 529 8383 and ask for Senhora Salete (but I don't know if she speaks english). Relieved we drove back to town, had a splendid meal (again) in one of the restaurants accompanied by some very tasty caipirinha.
Pouring with rain again. Arrived at the gate at the opening hour of the park (08:00 h) and were allowed in smoothly. The Poço preto trail is almost straight and starts behind the park director's house at wp 014. We walked almost all day, covering not more than 5.5 km of the trail. It obviously holds much more, but we were already quite happy with Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea, White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi, Black-throated and
Surucua Trogons Trogon rufus & T. surrucura, Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus, Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus, Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini, Southern Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes eximius, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis, Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi, Sirystes Sirystes sibilator and Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris. I heard Sharpbill but couldn't obtain any views.
Drove early morning to the Argentinian side of the waterfalls. We arrived there just before the opening hour (if I remember correctly 08:00, but beware of the 1 hour time difference between Brazil and Argentina). The weather was horrible anyway, with a torrential downpour for many hours. We had a look at the waterfalls, which was a much more impressive experience compared to the Brazilian side. Birding was difficult, but when the weather finally improved a little in the late afternoon, we went to check the Sendero Macucu. There are more trails here worth checking, but we only managed to do a little of the Macucu trail, which was not very productive with
Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus and Sirystes as the most noteworthy.
In the evening we drove back to Campo Bonito.
Had a little tour across the farmlands. Apparently the forest remnants still hold some good birds but only very few trails exist, making it all very hard birding.
In the evening we drove back to Curitiba.
Spent the entire day in Curitiba. Plain Parakeets Brotogeris tirica could be seen here roaming the streets in small groups.
In the morning I drove to the Sa. da Graciosa trail. Later we drove to Ubatuba, making the mistake to take the coast road; this was obviously much slower as there were lots of slug-speed lorries that were hard to overtake.
We arrived in the evening and took residence in the Pousada Falcão de Itamambuca, which is a little outside the (noisy) town centre. Found some birds in the tiny wood patch behind the hotel, like
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus,
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus, Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax and Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus.
Fazenda Angelim, an old plantation with adjacent forest, is one of the best birding places in the Ubatuba area. Access is usually no problem (we just asked once we got inside) but you may try and make contact with the owner (Paul G. Thomsen) at email@example.com or call 0xx12 432-4915, 0xx11 4727-1444 or 0xx11 4727-4075 just to be sure.
To find the place, turn inland from the road to Parati at a sign 'Bairro Taquaral', ca. 4 km east of the roundabout on the Ubatuba-Taubaté road. Keep right at the fork after 100 m abd continue for a km or so until you reach the gate of Angelim.
We arrived in the pouring rain and decided anyhow just to go on. This turned out not to be a bad idea, as we saw some good birds like Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber, White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata, Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis, Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor, Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata, Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata, Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea, White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera, Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater, Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra, Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus and Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla, to name just a few. Despite the rain it therefore was quite good, although it all took a lot of time. I can only imagine what it would have been like if the waether had been better!
We also spent some time trying to tape-lure Spotted Bamboo-wren Psiloramphus guttatus near the dense foliage around the open area (wp 015), but not only did we fail to obtain any views of this peculiar target species for this area, none was heard either.
Fazenda Capricornio is another good birding site but as we were soaking wet we passed.
In the afternoon we checked Folha seca, which produced very little and went on to relax a bit on the beach.
Started off at Corcovado. This definitely is a site worth visiting, although it is deteriorating and birding can be slow. To find it, drive westwards along the BR-101; about 5 km outside Ubatuba there is a double bridge and just a bit further a tarmac road inland. Follow this until you see a dirt road going right, more or less in the middle of a straight stretch (wp 016). Park just before or after the bridge that you'll see and walk in the second trail, along some houses, neglecting the 'no entry' sign. The clearing is at wp 017. I also walked into the forest a bit (apparently this trail - starting just before you cross the main stream to go to the clearing - leads all the way up to the summit of the mountain) but the sounds of people cutting trees made me feel a bit uncomfortable, so I turned round. Apart from that, there was only one bird, but what a bird: a splendid Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus! I checked the clearing for Fork-tailed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus, but to no avail. There were other good birds, though, like Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris, Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma, Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater, Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus, White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus, White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus, Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius and Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus.
Later we drove to Parati, a nice little 16th century town. As we had little time, I didn't expect much of an afternoon visit to the Perequé site for Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos, but once we found the little patch of forest it turned out to be very easy. To find the site, turn inland from the BR-101 into Perequé (wp 018 - access through a "retorno" if you come from the south). Follow the main street for about 1400 m until it becomes a dirt road. Turn right at that point and turn left immediately after a football pitch on the left hand side. This dirt road leads towards the site: follow it for about 7 km. After the third obvious bridge (I couldn't find a fourth as mentioned in other reports), continue for ca. 200 m after a dirt track to the left; here you will have a view on a nice waterfall on a distant mountain (provided there are no clouds to spoil it). This is the place to park your car and walk in the path to the right. After a few 100 ms secondary forest will start; look for the birds before you actually reach the stream (wp 019).
Made a little boat tour across the bay of Parati. Nice to see some arctic birds in this environment like Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres and American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus.
In the afternoon we drove to Itatiaia NP and checked in at Hotel Cabanas de Itatiaia (we had tried to make reservations for either Simon or Ypê, but these turned out to be fully booked). The first birds I saw there were 2 Pileated Parrots Pionopsitta pileata. Not bad, for these turned out to be the only ones of the trip.
Very foggy conditions with constant drizzle, but still went on to bird the tres picos trail (after checking the feeders at Hotel Simon). Good birds: Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda, Saffron Toucanet Baillonius bailloni, White-browed Foliage-gleaner Philydor amaurotis, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata, White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura, Eastern Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus punctatus, Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga, Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala, Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti, Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris, Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus and 2 Brown Tanagers Orchesticus abeillei near the hotel.
Also had a look from the veranda of Hotel do Ypê, but apart from some nice
Saffron Toucanets there was just fog.
Tried to find the Jeep trail, but this is totally overgrown now and not worth birding. The early bit from Maromba bridge (wp 021), however, is still very good. We saw Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon, Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius, Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis, Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea and heard a distant Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia calling. The track leads away from the stream and at the start of the former Jeep trail descends, probably to the private houses further down. The trouble is only that entrance will not be allowed from Maromba bridge (nor from the other side). This can be overcome by starting off before 08:00 a.m. when no guards are there to send you away. Since there is no sign you can always pretend you didn't know...
Another good spot proved to be the woods next to the entrance of the administration building. A huge feeding flock was more or less present here, with White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis, White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus, Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus, White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis, Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus, Lesser Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes fuscus and Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor to name only a few.
A visit to the shop halfway up the road was rewarding with some nice hummers like Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura, Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus, Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea and Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita.
In the late afternoon I walked the tres picos trail again and was rewarded with a Variegated Antpitta that I could imitate into view (wp 022). These birds start to call rather late in the evening so really good views will probably be difficult.
We departed early morning from Itatiaia to make the (long) drive to Intervales. Arrived there (wp 028) just in time to do a little birding on the 'self-guided trail'.
To reach Intervales, head west from São Paulo on the SP-280 and take the left towards Tatuí. Continue in the direction of Itapetininga and Capão Bonito. Here, take the road towards Ribeirão Grande. In this town we saw a signpost (wp 026) for Intervales, which was obviously heading the wrong way, for the road at wp 027 was the right one (it also bears a sign 'Intervales', but only after the junction).
There is some (good) accommodation at Intervales, which you will have to book in advance. Call (0xx)15 542-1511 or 542-1245. If I remember correctly, it was something like U$ 30 per person, including all meals.
Birding at Intervales is officially not allowed without a guide, inless you walk the trilha autoguiada. However, it is easy to just go birding along the roads that lead into the forest from the HQ area. Remember though, that this place is full of caves and some of them are not more than mere holes in the ground, forming dangerous traps for the unaware.
Adriana joined several cave tours, while I explored the forest around HQ. The 23rd we hired a guide and went further into the forest. Unfortunately Luis (recommended) was not there so we had to settle with another (short) guy whose name I can't remember. He could be surprisingly unaware of birds for some time and then all of a sudden find something very good. With him, we drove the Carmo road and (in the other direction) towards a small mountain pass. The only trace of Black-fronted Piping-guan Pipile jacutinga were fresh feathers from a bird killed by a Jaguar! But we did see Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira, Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris, Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus, Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa, Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus and Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides.
On my own, I found Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus (common), Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida, Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans, Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus, White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis, Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii, Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus, Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa, Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia, Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti, Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla, Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant Muscipipra vetula, Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgata, Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus, Green-chinned Euphonia Euphonia chalybea and Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor. The ultimate reward was a pair of Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris nesting.
I heard Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea several times, but never obtained any views.
Absolutely astonishing was a little baby deer that rushed towards a group of cave explorers Adri had joined, to hide from the black Jaguar that was chasing it (and that immediately dashed back into cover upon seeing the people)! Of course I regretted very much not having joined that tour!
We left Intervales in the afternoon of the 24th.
In the morning I drove once more to the Sa. da Graciosa track. I now realised this track leads to the Quatro Barras road (which forks right from the main road as you approach the pass) and reaches it at wp 034. Grey-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens, one more Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides, Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura, Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum,
Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus, Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis and Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa were noteworthy.
The rest of the day was spent in Curitiba; in the evening we drove to Caiobá, where we stayed in the Contin family apartment.
Mingled with the 'true' tourists: spent most of the day on the beach.
In the morning I drove the road towards the nautical club of Caiobá. There is some good forest along this road, although it seems quite impenetrable. I heard Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus, Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans and White-breasted Tapaculo Scytalopus indigoticus and saw Saffron Toucanets (at nest), Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis, Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor, Long-billed Wren Thryothorus longirostris and Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius.
In the marsh here, a furnariid was present that I couldn't identify; it is shown here. Any comments or suggestions are more than welcome (please e-mail me).
No more birding apart from some strolls in the Curitiba city parks.
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Copyright ©Teus Luijendijk 2002